The effective school librarian focuses on students’ long-term development into responsible and independent learners. Effective students acquire the basic skills and dispositions necessary to achieve autonomy, literacy, responsibility to self and other, and lifelong learning. The ultimate goal is for students to become positive, confident, competent, caring learners who demonstrate initiative, solve problems, set goals, and make decisions that help them to function successfully in a rapidly changing technological society. The educational system must develop citizens who can govern themselves and have a global perspective. The citizens must be flexible, resourceful, and able to deal with open-endedness, complexity, information explosion, and accelerated growth in technologies while maintaining a set of values, individual stability, and integrity.